Proportional representation systems have been adopted by 94 countries so far. In these systems, if a party gets 30% of the votes, they get about 30% of the seats in Parliament. The Local Proportional Representation (Local PR) proposal adapts the best models available to address the shared values of Canadians and the Liberals'' concerns and conditions.
Local PR is politically viable, provides a solid proposal on which to base the future of Canada's elections, and is simple enough to be implemented in time for the 2019 election.
Local PR guarantees an MP is elected in each of our existing ridings.
Basic Local PR is moderately proportional and can become very proportional.
Preferential ballots let you sincerely vote for your favourite candidate.
Local PR requires every candidate to face the electorate.
Preferential voting with a proportional outcome leads to collaboration between parties.
Preferential voting in multi-member districts increases parliamentary diversity in terms of gender, ethnicity, and perspective.
Local PR has reasonable minimal thresholds for earning seats.
Local PR has a simple and extremely flexible ballot design.
Local PR does not add seats to Parliament (though the "upgrade" would).
Candidates benefit from reaching out to diverse voters, which rewards moderation and punishes extremism.
Compare how votes are distributed. In the last election, the Liberals earned only 39.5% of the votes, but were unfairly given 54% of the seats in Parliament. Under Basic Local PR, which does not add any more seats, each party gets a percentage of seats that is more closely correlated to the number of votes they received.
There is also an optional upgraded version of Local PR, which we propose should be introduced after the 2021 census. It adds additional "top up" seats to create a very proportional representational system.
Here's how votes are distributed under each model, using the results from the last election:
It's up to you how involved you get. Choose a single candidate as you do now or rank as many or as few as you want across your riding or party.
The proposal takes the most important part of our current voting system—having a representative from every riding in the country—and adds proportional representation so MPs match voter intentions. Local PR ends the days of false majorities and large percentages of Canadians without representation.
Neighbouring ridings are grouped into regions of about 4 to 7 ridings and Elections Canada sends each household a booklet with a one page profile on each qualifying candidate in the region written by the candidate.
Votes are then counted using Preferential Voting Rules. If a candidate has more votes than are required to win, those extra votes are fairly redistributed to the voter's next choice. Otherwise, the candidate with the fewest votes is dropped (unless it's the last candidate in that riding) and votes are redistributed to the voter's next choice. In either case, those votes are no longer wasted. This redistribution of votes is repeated until there is one winner for each riding.
For a deep dive into the more technical aspects of Local PR, please visit LocalPR.ca.
Democracy Guelph is a grassroots all-party movement started in Guelph to propose a practical solution to the Liberal Government's concerns about voting system reform, and to demonstrate the public support for our proposed solution. We are going door to door collecting signatures from February 24 to March 23, to petition our members of parliament to support our made-in-Guelph solution for voting system reform.
Jan 27, 2017Citizens ask Guelph MP Lloyd Longfield to push the Government to deliver PR, keeping its promise to make 2015 the last election under FPTP.
Feb. 1, 2017Liberal election reform promise was broken, stating:
Feb. 12, 2017Rallies in 27 cities across Canada
Feb. 14, 2017Local Proportional Representation model finalized in Guelph
Feb. 23, 2017Endorsement by a representative group of Guelph citizens
Feb. 24, 2017:Begin Guelph door-to-door petition
Present Local PR petition to Lloyd Longfield
Copy this model in cities nationally.
Local Proportional Representation is a new proposal, developed in Canada by Byron Weber Becker. It is based upon his work requested by the ERRE Special Committee on Electoral Reform after he delivered testimony to the committee that modeled the results of many different electoral systems. Byron is a faculty member at the School of Computer Science at the University of Waterloo and has been active in electoral reform for the last decade.
It has significant input from Peter Cameron (NDP supporter), Steve Dyck (Previous Green candidate), Frank Valeriote (Previous Liberal MP), Jean-Pierre Kingsley (Previous Chief Electoral Officer), and includes ideas developed by Anthony Hodgson and Leonid A. Elbert.
All Votes Count Canada is incorporated as a non-profit to help bring Local PR to Canada.